Lagos – For more than 3 decades, Nigeria’s power supply has been erratic, with state utility NEPA implementing load-shedding and many times total blackout due to either inadequate production or inability to distribute and other times overwhelming the grid.
This has stunted the energy-reliant economy, stifled budding industries in addition to undermining the quality of life for households.
With no end in sight for the electricity shortage, Nigerians are looking at alternative sources of energy, and solar is top of the list.
Consumers have two main options when considering solar energy — a ‘hybrid’ or ‘off the grid’ set-up, according to Olumide Ojo, the director of Shopwise Solar, one of Nigeria’s leading solar power suppliers.
Running a hybrid set-up offers far more value for money for the average consumer.
Some of the benefits:
- If you deplete your solar battery, you have NEPA electricity as a backup.
- If there is no sun, then you can also fall back on NEPA.
Hybrid inverters blend DC and AC energy, making use of the solar first, then blending battery power to make up the load and blending any additional power from NEPA. This is far more efficient than off-grid inverters.
To run a hybrid system, with the consumer paying on average R1,500 (R2.20 pKw) per month, requires:
- 1 x 5kW Fusion Hybrid inverter
- 2 x Fusion 4.8kWh Lithium-ion wall-mounted batteries
Total cost for the Hybrid set-up is R155,576.88 including value-added tax (VAT).
“This system will cover the load and have enough to charge the batteries,” said Berrow.
The bank is 9.6kWh, which is rounded up to 7.7kWh available, covering lower-rated appliances throughout the evening, night, and morning (if the consumer has a solar geyser and gas stove).
The return on investment and savings over a 10 year period with a hybrid set-up is greater than the off-grid, Berrow added.
For fed-up consumers who want to completely cut Eskom off, the off-grid route is a viable option, although the costs are higher as a larger battery back-up is required.
Off the grid
Running a set-up completely off-grid (for consumers with a solar geyser and gas stove):
- The battery bank is large to make up for cloudy days in winter.
- Users can add a diesel generator as a fallback in case the solar battery is depleted.
- The is no registration because the consumer is no longer be tied to the grid, but there is disconnection cost incurred.
A householder paying around R1,500 (R 2.20 per kWh) per month will need:
- 2 x High-Voltage off-grid inverters (connected parallel)
- 6 x wall-mounted Fusion 4.8kWh Lithium-ion batteries (connected parallel to give a total of 28.8 kWh
“This battery is 80 percent DOD (depth of discharge). Because (of that) you would need to add another 20 percent battery on top to make the full 24kWh, so it will be 4.4kWh over to make up for that,” Berrow said, referring to the battery power outage.
The total cost for the off-grid set up is R354,583.40 including VAT.
To reduce the cost of this set-up, consumers can cut down on electricity consumption in the evenings and on cloudy days, said Berrow.
“It will take longer to get a return on investment because of the large backup battery bank, although you would save in the long run. Using Eskom as a backup makes more financial sense.”